Roseta Stone - Boshevski & Tentov

The Roseta Stone - Boshevski & Tentov

The Roseta Stone - Boshevski & Tentov

Abstract: This study presents the results of research realized within the project

“Deciphering the Middle Text of the Rosetta Stone.”

It is concluded that a syllabic script of the type consonant-vowel was used for the middle text of the Rosetta Stone. Symbols for 25 consonants were identified. By using the procedure of mirroring and rotation in the writing surface (plain), a monosemic (unambiguous) way was determined for connecting the symbol of consonant with 4 or 8 vowels. Although rarely used, the symbolsfor writing isolated vowels and some consonants were identified. In the analyzed text, the syllabic signs were not only written next to each other, but also they were often written one above the other in the form of what are known as ligatures. A small number of pictographic symbols were also identified. The wiring for sound of the identified syllable signs, isolated consonants or vowels and ligatures is was achieved byusing archaisms from the dialects of the contemporary Macedonian language. In the text, which was written from right to left, without space between the words and without separation of sentences in an infinite series, more than 160 words were identifiedwhich have kept their meaning in some dialects of the contemporary Macedonian language. A certain number of grammatical rules were also identified which are discerned in the contemporaryMacedonian language, such as the formation of superlative of theadjectives with the prefix naj_ [nai] ( equivalent to the English the …… _est/ the most …… ); the plural of nouns by adding i [i] (equivalent to the English_s); the occurrence of definite andindefinite form of nouns, as well as the frequent use of the preposition na [na] (equivalent to the English prepositions on, at,). With these identified syllables and their wiring for sound and the definite rules for writing, a monosemic (unambiguous) methodology was generated in order to make out certain words and to readwhat was written.

The results of deciphering the middle text of the Rosetta Stone point to the fact that there are many details which cannot befound in the text written (inscribed) in ancient Greek alphabet. This conclusion proves the science awareness from the time of Thomas Young (1822) that the middle text was the original. On the basis of our research we can make this knowledge more precise with the conclusion that the pharaoh’s decree from the middle text of the Rosetta Stone in original is written (inscribed) in thelanguage of the ancient Macedonians with letters of the alive (living) masters of that time , i.e. with the official letters and language of the state that had been ruled by them for more than acentury.

Key words: ancient Macedonians, script, language

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